Stephens Island

Get technical and historical information and resources about Farewell Spit lighthouse.
Farewell Spit 1
Maritime NZ
A shot of Farewell Spit lighthouse and surrounding homestead.
View larger image [JPG: 2272x1704, 96ppi, 3.06MB]


Lighthouse overview

Farewell Spit Lighthouse was solarized in June 2019 and mains power to the lighthouse station was disconnected.

Lighthouse feature: Details
Location: latitude 40°33’ south, longitude 173°00’ east
Elevation: 30 metres above sea level
Construction: steel tower
Tower height: 27 metres
Light configuration: rotating LED beacon
Light flash character: white light with red sectors flashing once every 15 seconds
Power source: solar power
Range: 19 nautical miles (35 kilometres)
Date light first lit: 1870
Automated: 1984
Demanned: 1984


Getting to Farewell Spit Lighthouse

The spit is now a wildlife sanctuary administered by the Department of Conservation.

Public access is restricted to people visiting the spit as part of a tour.

There is no public access to enter the lighthouse.

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The history of Farewell Spit Lighthouse

Before the lighthouse was built, many ships had been wrecked upon the spit; it had been feared by mariners for years.

Construction of the light station at the end of the spit began in 1869. Because the ground was almost at sea level the tower needed to be taller than those built on cliffs or headlands, so it could be seen easily by seafarers.

In 1891 it was found that the hardwood used for the tower was rapidly decaying because of the weather and abrasive sand. The tower was replaced with a steel latticework construction. The new light was ready in January 1897.

Building lighthouses was never an easy task and sandy Farewell Spit offered a unique set of challenges. The light station stood on a very windy beach and one night the stormy weather whipped up the sand, completely covering a pile of bricks. They were never found, and a new lot had to be shipped to the station.

Operation of the Farewell Spit light

Farewell Spit was converted from oil to diesel-generated electricity in the 1930s. It was connected to mains electricity in the 1960s.

The station was automated and the last keepers were withdrawn in 1984.

The original light was replaced in September 1999 with a modern rotation beacon, illuminated by a 50 watt tungsten halogen bulb. The original light can be viewed in the hut at the base of the tower.

The new light is powered by mains electricity and has a backup battery in case of a power failure.

The light is monitored remotely from Maritime New Zealand’s Wellington office.

Life at Farewell Spit light station

Farewell Spit was not a popular station among keepers because the site was completely bare of vegetation and sand got into everything. Keepers had the never ending job of shovelling sand away from their cottages.

The first attempts to grow any kind of vegetation proved unsuccessful. Just before the turn of the century, a keeper organised loads of soil to be brought to the station with the mail. He planted a windbreak of macrocarpa pines to protect the station from the sand. As the pines grew, this windbreak became a well known landmark for passing ships.

It was made very clear to the keepers that the diesel-generated electricity installed in the 1930s was strictly for the lighthouse, and not for domestic purposes.

In 1957 the generators were finally allowed to be used one day a week for washing and to run the radio for the children’s correspondence school. A year later, however, it was felt that this privilege was being abused. The keepers were reminded, for example, not to leave the generators running so they could make morning tea with the electric jug. Also they were asked not to do extra washing while the light was operating, before the sun came up. When the light was connected to mains electricity access to electricity for domestic use ceased to be a problem.